The chestnut group is a genus of eight or 9 species of deciduous shrubs and trees in the beech family Fagaceae, native to temperate areas of the Northern Hemisphere. The name also pertains to the edible nuts they create.
Chestnuts belong to the Fagaceae family, which likewise contains beeches and oaks. The four principal species are generally known as European, Chinese, Japanese, and American chestnuts, some species called chinkapin or chinquapin: European species sweet chestnut is the only European species of chestnut, although it was effectively launched to the Himalayas along with other temperate areas of Asia. Externally although unrelated comparable horse chestnut species are not scarce around Europe.
Asiatic species Castanea seguinii, Castanea mollissima, Castanea davidii, Castanea henryi and Castanea crenata. American species These contain Castanea ashei, Castanea pumila, Castanea alnifolia, Castanea dentata, Castanea floridana and Castanea paupispina. Chestnuts shouldn’t be mistaken with horse chestnuts, which will not be related to Castanea and are named for creating nuts of similar look, but that are slightly toxic to people, nor should they be mistaken with water chestnut, that are unrelated to Castanea and are tubers of similar flavor from an aquatic herbaceous plants. Other trees usually mistaken for chestnut trees are the American beech and the chestnut oak, both of that are additionally in Fagaceae.
Constantly functioned as part of the New Year menu in Japan, chestnuts signify hard times and both success, command and strength. The Japanese chestnut was for 2, 000 to 6, 000 years. Before the Chinese chestnut and rice maybe in farming During British colonial rule in the mid-1700 to 1947, the sweet chestnut was extensively introduced in the lower, mostly in the temperate areas of the Indian Subcontinent -to central Himalayas. They can be extensively present in British based mountain resorts in northern India, and also to a lesser extent in Nepal and Bhutan. They’re seen in nearly all British founded official governmental compounds and botanical gardens in temperate areas of the Indian Subcontinent and are primarily used as an ornamental tree.
China has about 300 chestnut cultivars. Also, the Dandong chestnut is an important cultivar in Liaoning Province.